Clang, LLVM's compiler front-end for C-based languages, features a couple of interesting language extensions to C, C++ and Objective-C. You are probably familiar with auto-synthesis of properties or the new subscripting syntax.
One of the lesser known extensions, however, is the
While languages like Java and C++ allow you to define multiple functions with the same name but different arguments, this feature has been absent from C.
However, using recent versions of Clang you can now rectify this behavior and since Objective-C is a superset of C, knowing how to use this feature can be useful even if you rarely venture outside of Cocoa or Cocoa Touch.
Consider for example these function declarations:
We declare two different versions of the classic
Instances of NSArray will have a block applied to their elements that takes a single argument while instances of NSDictionary have both their keys and values sent to the block.
The compiler will figure out which
map it needs to call simply based on the
types of the arguments.
The implementation is pretty straightforward, too:
-[NSArray enumerateObjectsUsingBlock:] is used to iterate over all elements.
If the block passed to
nil, the element is discarded.
You may want to consider writing a parallel version of
map that makes use of
-[NSArray enumerateObjectsWithOptions:usingBlock:] and passes in
The implementation for dictionaries looks similar:
Now we have a nice and clean way to map over Cocoa's most prevalent data structures:
I think function overloading is a welcome addition to C and it goes to show how knowing the underpinnings of Objective-C can help you write better and more concise code.
Update: Nick Lockwood raised the point that
map may be
better suited for a category. When I came up with this example, I was also
each implementation that could deal with
That being said, if you're looking for a solid and well tested map category, check out BlocksKit.